#3 in Best Places to Visit in Argentina - Ushuaia – the capital of the Tierra del Fuego province of Argentina– is often referred as world’s most southern city. Situated in the southeast coast of the Tierra del Fuego Island, Ushuaia is surrounded by the Martial mountain range on the north and the Beagle Channel on the south. Even though the city is relatively new its development and well-established infrastructure mixed with the variety of nature has turned it into a popular tourist destination.
The city was founded in 1884 by an Argentinean expedition with a help of 300 Anglican missionaries who participated in promoting the city and at the beginning it was known under the name of Yamana, as the natives called it. During the 20th century, a prison was built in Ushuaia and most of the city was concentrated around it. The prisoners of Ushuaia had an important role in building the city.
Nowadays, as a proof of this period of the history of the city, tourists are offered to take a ride in the End of The World Train, as it is called now. The train was initially meant for the traffic to the prison settlement, but today it gives the guests of the city the opportunity to experience being the passengers of the ride on the world’s southernmost railway.
Another sightseeing highlight that has become popular among the tourists is the Tierra del Fuego National Park that is included in the route of the train mentioned above. Ushuaia has a rich wildlife, including numerous bird and marine animal species that live in the Beagle Bay. Other popular outdoor attractions offered to the visitors are skiing (e.g. In Cerro Castor) and hiking. Those, who are keener on history of the region, especially the prison life, are welcome in the museum of Yamana.
A lot of people visit Ushuaia on their way to Antarctica(since there are only very few ports from where any cruise traffic leads to this continent), but even if you are not about to visit the very south of the world, you should still definitely include visiting Ushuaia for its unique location, history and nature.