Thrissur Pooram at Vadakkannathan Temple Kerala
Thrissur Pooram is one of the most famous Temple Festivals of Kerala in Southern India. The name itself tells you where in Kerala this is celebrated. “Pooram” means festival in Malayalam and Thrissur Pooram is called “The festival of festivals”. Celebrated in Thrissur in the Malayalam month (Kerala has their own Calendar system) of Medam (April-May). There won’t be a single child who is not aware of this grand festival of Kerala at Thrissur. It is a marathon event of 36 continuous hours gala events attracting huge crowd from far and near and insincerely an international tourists.
The significance of Thrissur Pooram is that there are 8 temples participating in this festival. The festival starts at Thekkinkadu Maidan, the hillock where Vadakkannathan Temple is situated. The deity of the temple is Lord Siva. The pooram starts with the Ezhunnellathu (procession) by Kanimangalam sasthavu Temple followed by the other temples. This is a ritual symbolising the visit of the Goddess from the Paramekkavu and Thiruvambadi temples to the Vadakkunnathan temple.
The 2 main temples Thiruvambadi and Paramekaavu play a major role to in the festival. These two deities are considered to be the incarnations of goddess Parvathi, wive of Lord Siva. The celebration is then conducted in a competitive manner to impress Vadakkannadhan the almighty who is considered the spectator. The celebrations start early in the morning and goes till the next daybreak.
Major Events at Thrissur Pooram
The festival’s major attractions are Panchavadhyam (an orchestra of five instruments) Aanachamayam and kudamattam (diplay of caparisoned elephants and changing of umbrella) and the Vedikettu ( fire works),
In Panchavadhyam more than 200 artists take part to display their talent in a rhythemic way using Thimila, Madhalam, Trumpet, Cymbal and Edakka (different types of instruments ) It is so interesting that people throng in to enjoy this fascinating musical sound forgetting the heat.( it is peak summer season).
Thrissur Pooram Elephants
The best moment of the festival is the display of elephants, (15 elephants from each temple) with elephant count reach about 100. Both the temples try to display the best elephants in their best way, with nettipattam (decorative golden headdress), decorative bells, ornaments, venchamaram, and alavattam. Such a display of elephants gives grace and enriches the festival. Another colourful and beautiful part of the event is the Kudamattam ( artistic and colourful umbrellas raised and exchanged on elephants) during the display. The deities of all the temples are carried on elephants and taken to the main temple.
Most of the Temple festivals of Kerala are concluded with firework display the next day early morning. The Trissur Pooram’s firework display is so spectacularly out-standing that people come from far all over the country to see it. The competing display of the fireworks go on for almost 4 hours. Every year it looks more innovative and charming that spectators cannot take their eyes off.
The most unusual feature of the Thrissur Pooram is its very secular nature. The Muslim and Christian Communities actively take part in the festival. Muslim communities are the experts in making tents in their artistic way and they take charge of it.The materials for the umbrellas are donated by the churches and their members.
When is Thrissur Pooram
Having known about “the festival of festivals” am sure anyone would wish to be there at Trissur for Pooram. So make sure you plan a visit during the month of April.
- In 2013 Thrissur Pooram starts on 21 April.
- Nearest Railway station and bus station are in Trissur town itself so getting there is no quite easy.