The language most spoken by the Tanzanian people is Bantu, even though Tanzanians have a cornucopia of different ethnicities amidst its land. Influence was put upon the Tanzanian people from the Portuguese, the Germans, and the British. But it was in 1961 where they gained their own freedom. The people groups of Tanzania exceed 120 ethnicities, with the largest group being the Sukuma (People of the North) and they live in the Lake Victoria vicinity. Farming and cattle herding is an important factor for the Sukuma people’s livelihood. Very closely related to the Sukuma are the Nyamwezi, the second largest people group in Tanzania, and their name means People of the Moon. They are located on the western side of Tanzania.
The educational foundation given to children begins when they are five or six years old and they spend two years in pre-primary education. Christians and Muslims make up the two largest religious groups in Tanzania. Other religions include Roman Catholicism, Hinduism, and Jainism. While not enforced in the national curriculum, religion can be taught in Tanzanian public schools as its own class. These classes must be approved by the school’s administration, the parent and teacher association, or both. The classes are usually taught by a parent or volunteer.