Angkor Wat, Cambodia
Among some of the world’s most sacred and stunning sites you will find Ankor Wat in Cambodia. Even now the complex looks amazing, but one must keep in mind that it actually was something much greater than the approximately 100 temples we can see today. Other parts of the complex like administrative or public buildings were built from wood and therefore haven’t remained.
The Ankor Wat is world’s largest religious site and has been recognized as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and it hasn’t lost its religious significance even nowadays. It is so important for the Cambodian nation that it is represented even in their national flag.
Ankor Wat Temple
The temple complex was built in the 12th century by the King Suryavarman II in Ankor, which at that time was named Yasodharapura and was the capital of the Khmer Empire. The temple is devoted to the gods Shiva and Vishnu and it is based on the Hindu cosmology. For example, the temple of Phnom Bakheng is surrounded by 108 towers. 108 is a sacred number to the hinduists.
Everything about the complex has a symbolic meaning, nothing is accidental or decorative. Ankor Wat is a great mix of several types of architecture, including not only the traditional architecture of mountain temple, concentric galleries and Indian influences. Many features have now become characteristic for the architecture that is now being called The Ankor Wat architecture. The constructors were professionals of using sandstone and the complex is famous for its towers that are supposed to represent the buds of lotus and many others.
The Ankor Wat is a very popular tourist destination. In fact, approximately 500 000 tourists visit the region each year and it is nearly a half of the number of the tourists that visit the whole country. Therefore the local municipalities and also international institutions are paying a lot of attention to preserving this unique proof of human faith.